Author
Historical and old photos of Halden, Viken

Coat of arms of Halden

Main page • Countries of Europa • Cities of Norway

Historical and old photos of Halden, Viken

A small historical reference

Geography: Halden, between 1665 and 1928 known as Frederikshald, is both a town and a municipality in Viken county, Norway. The municipality borders Sarpsborg to the northwest, Rakkestad to the north and Aremark to the east, as well as the Swedish municipalities Strömstad, Tanum and Dals-Ed respectively to the southwest, south and southeast.

The seat of the municipality, Halden is a border town located at the mouth of the Tista river on the Iddefjord, the southernmost border crossing between Norway and Sweden. The town of Halden is located about 120 km (75 mi) south of Oslo, 190 km (120 mi) north of Gothenburg, and 12 km (7.5 mi) east of the border crossing at Svinesund.

Date of foundation: first mentioned in 1629

History:

Population: 31 177

Sights:

Halden. Bridge and Bokhandel with Papirforretning, between 1900 and 1950
Bridge and Bokhandel with Papirforretning, between 1900 and 1950
Halden. City square with fountain, between 1900 and 1950
City square with fountain, between 1900 and 1950
Halden. Fredriksten fortress, between 1946 and 1969
Fredriksten fortress, between 1946 and 1969
Halden. Grand Hotel, 1948
Grand Hotel, 1948
Halden. Panorama of the city and fortress, between 1945 and 1960
Panorama of the city and fortress, between 1945 and 1960
Halden. Panorama of city square, market, between 1900 and 1950
Panorama of city square, market, between 1900 and 1950
Halden. Panorama of city street, between 1900 and 1950
Panorama of city street, between 1900 and 1950
Halden. Railway station platform, between 1900 and 1950
Railway station platform, between 1900 and 1950

History

Evidence of early human settlements in this region of Norway have been found, particularly in the Svinesund area of the municipality where evidence of early settlements from the Nordic Bronze Age have been found. Named after a small farm Hallen (English: "rise" or "slope") first mentioned in 1629, "Halden", became the city of Frederikshald in 1665, named after Frederick III of Denmark. The Gud med oss (God be with us) coat-of-arms created in 1665 shows a knight standing on a mountain, yellow on a blue background, and was inspired by the bravery of the citizens of the city in the Dano-Swedish War (1658–1660).

Swedish forces unsuccessfully attempted to invade the town six times between 1658 and 1814. As a reference to the town's citizens burning their own houses to prevent them being taken on 4 July 1716 by the forces of King Charles XII of Sweden, Halden is one of only two cities in Norway's national anthem. In 1718, the Great Northern War ended when Charles XII was shot and killed at the Fredriksten fortress. The fortress had been erected in the 17th century as a replacement for the Bohus Fortress lost at the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658 when Bohuslän was ceded to Sweden. Halden has never been captured by force by any invading army, although it was occupied by Nazi forces in WWII.

In an 1835 census, Frederikshald was the seventh largest town or city in Norway, with 4,921 inhabitants.[4] In 1838, Frederikshald became a city municipality (Norwegian: herred), and in 1928, the name was changed back to Halden. The 4 kilometres (2 mi) Tistedalen east of the Halden was part of the city from 1686 to 1967 until it was separated from Halden. At the same time, the area of Halden, Tistedalen, and the rural municipalities of Berg and Idd became the Halden municipality on 1 January 1967.

Origin: en.wikipedia.org




Photos posted on the website in accordance with Article 7, paragraph 1 of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 9 September 1886, the term of protection which is fifty years after the author's death.

After this period photos it becomes public domain. The participants of the Berne Convention are 167 States.


Robinson Rd, CB 13862 Nassau, NP, The Bahamas
Flag Counter