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Historical and old photos of Kristiansund, Møre og Romsdal

Coat of arms of Kristiansund

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Historical and old photos of Kristiansund, Møre og Romsdal

A small historical reference

Geography: Kristiansund, historically spelled Christianssund and earlier named Fosna - is municipality on the western coast of Norway in the Nordmøre district of Møre og Romsdal county. The administrative center of the municipality is the town of Kristiansund (which was established in 1742), which is the major town for the whole Nordmøre region. Other notable settlements in the municipality include the villages of Kvalvåg, Rensvik, and Nedre Frei.

The 87-square-kilometre (34 sq mi) municipality is the 388th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Kristiansund is the 47th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 24,300. The municipality's population density is 282.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (731/sq mi) and its population has increased by 7.2% over the last decade.

Date of foundation: 1742

History:

Population: 24 274

Sights:

Kristiansund. Gas plant, between 1900 and 1940
Gas plant, between 1900 and 1940
Kristiansund. Grand hotel, between 1900 and 1940
Grand hotel, between 1900 and 1940
Kristiansund. Municipality building, between 1900 and 1950
Municipality building, between 1900 and 1950
Kristiansund. Panorama of city street, between 1900 and 1940
Panorama of city street, between 1900 and 1940
Kristiansund. Panorama of city street, alley, between 1900 and 1950
Panorama of city street, alley, between 1900 and 1950
Kristiansund. Panorama of city street, garden, between 1900 and 1950
Panorama of city street, garden, between 1900 and 1950
Kristiansund. Panorama of city street, park, between 1900 and 1940
Panorama of city street, park, between 1900 and 1940
Kristiansund. Square, streets crossing, tobacco shop, 1905
Square, streets crossing, tobacco shop, 1905

History

8000 BC–1066

Many scientists believe that the very first Norwegians lived near what is now Kristiansund. At the end of the last Ice age some areas at the western coast of Norway were ice-free. There was also a lot of food in the sea around Kristiansund at that time, and it is believed that the first settlement arrived in Kristiansund around year 8000 BC.

During the Viking ages there were many important battles around Kristiansund. The most famous one was the Battle of Rastarkalv on the island of Frei, where the Norwegian King Håkon the Good fought against the Eirikssønnene group. There is now a memorial monument located near Rastakalv (at Nedre Frei), where the battle was fought.

Middle ages

The island of Grip was an important fishing community during the Middle Ages, and was considered to be the most important municipality in the region at the time. The natural harbour in Lille-fosen, close to where Kristiansund is located today was also frequently used for fishing purposes.

17th to 18th century

During the 17th century a small settlement developed around the area we know today as Kristiansund harbour. As more and more settlers arrived, the area became an important trading port for fishing and the lumber transportation along the coast. The Dano-Norwegian government established a customs station here, which was controlled by the main trading port in Trondheim. In 1631, the port was declared to be a ladested.

Dutch sailors brought the knowledge of clipfish production to Kristiansund at the end of the 17th century, and for a number of years the town was the largest exporter of clipfish in Norway, exporting goods mainly to the Mediterranean countries as Spain and Portugal. The city's clipfish production was also part of the reason why it was given town status as a kjøpstad in 1742.

19th century to present

The town of Christianssund was established as the municipality of Christianssund on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, Kristiansund Municipality was merged with the tiny Grip Municipality (population: 104) to the northwest and the Dale area of Bremsnes Municipality on Nordlandet island (population: 963). The neighboring Frei Municipality was merged with Kristiansund on 1 January 2008 creating a much larger Kristiansund Municipality.

Origin: en.wikipedia.org




Photos posted on the website in accordance with Article 7, paragraph 1 of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 9 September 1886, the term of protection which is fifty years after the author's death.

After this period photos it becomes public domain. The participants of the Berne Convention are 167 States.


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