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Historical and old photos of Elverum, Innlandet

Coat of arms of Elverum

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Historical and old photos of Elverum, Innlandet

A small historical reference

Geography: Elverum is a city and municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Østerdalen. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Elverum. The municipality of Elverum was established on 1 January 1838. Elverum lies at an important crossroads, with Hamar to the west, Kongsvinger to the south, and Trysil on the Swedish border to the northeast. It is bordered on the north by Åmot municipality, in the northeast by Trysil municipality, in the southeast by Våler, and in the west by Løten.

Date of foundation: 1838

History:

Population: 21 191

Sights:

Elverum. Bridge over railway
Bridge over railway, station in the background, between 1920 and 1930
Elverum. Church, between 1920 and 1930
Church, between 1920 and 1930
Elverum. County Hospital, between 1920 and 1930
County Hospital, between 1920 and 1930
Elverum bathhouse, firewood, 1922
Elverum bathhouse, firewood, 1922
Elverum. Hotel 'Central', 1917
Hotel 'Central', 1917
Elverum. Hotel 'Central', between 1930 and 1940
Hotel 'Central', between 1930 and 1940
Elverum. Old bridge over Glomma, between 1918 and 1923
Old bridge over Glomma, between 1918 and 1923
Elverum. Panorama of city building, between 1908 and 1913
Panorama of city building, between 1908 and 1913
Elverum. Panorama of city building, 1922
Panorama of city building, 1922
Elverum. Panorama of city building, between 1920 and 1930
Panorama of city building, between 1920 and 1930
Elverum. Panorama of city road, between 1920 and 1930
Panorama of city road, between 1920 and 1930
Elverum. Panorama of city street, 1917
Panorama of city street, 1917
Elverum. Panorama of city street, between 1920 and 1927
Panorama of city street, between 1920 and 1927
Elverum. Panorama of city street, between 1930 and 1935
Panorama of city street, between 1930 and 1935
Elverum. Panorama of city street, children, between 1900 and 1940
Panorama of city street, children, between 1900 and 1940
Elverum. Panorama of city street in winter, children, between 1910 and 1915
Panorama of city street in winter, children, between 1910 and 1915

History

Military ties

During the Nordic Seven Years' War (1563–1570), Swedish troops invaded Norway in a number of locations, including a number of incursions into Østerdalen. In 1563, Norwegian troops stopped the Swedish advance at Elverum, which provided a strategic point since it lay on both north-south and east-west trade and travel routes.

The parishes of Idre and Särna originally belonged to Elverum. But they were occupied by Swedish troops in 1644, and since then lost to Sweden.

Construction of fortifications started in 1673 during the Gyldenløve War as Hammersberg Skanse. It was renamed Christiansfjeld Fortress in 1685 by King Christian V of Denmark during his visit to Hammersberg Skanse on June 14. Although the fortress was manned through the Great Northern War, the city was spared major battles. In 1742, Christiansfjeld Fortress was closed.

A Norwegian infantry regiment, the Oppland Regiment, was formed in 1657 and Elverum became a garrison town. The area of population east of the river called Leiret (literally the camp) adjacent to Christiansfjeld Fortress was built up by soldiers as well as the merchants and craftsmen who settled nearby. Even to this day the area of Elverum central areas east of the river is referred to as Leiret.

In 1878, Terningmoen at Elverum became the home base for the Oppland Regiment and an infantry school was founded here in 1896.

The Oppland Regiment had a history which included courageous involvement in combat from the Swedish wars of the 17th century through the German invasion of Norway in 1940. As part of the general restructuring, the unit was disbanded in 2002.

Today, Terningmoen hosts several sub units within the Norwegian army and the Home guard.

Regional town

In the Danish-Norwegian period, Elverum was the location for a bailiff (fogd), a judge (sorenskriver), a head pastor (prost), and numerous military officers.

It became important as a market town as well. In 1570 Hamar Cathedral in Hamar was burned and Hamarhus castle was destroyed by the Swedish armies during the Seven Years' War with Sweden. Hamar lost its city status, leaving no kjøpstad, or official market city, between Christiania and Trondheim. Eastern Norway needed an organized market for trading goods. The Grundset market (Grundsetmart'n) in Elverum municipality grew to meet the need. It is recorded as existing in the 17th century, and in 1765 the owner of Gaarder obtained special market privileges from the king, to take place six miles north of the population center of Elverum on his estate. By 1767, it was described as Norway's largest and most famous market. In the first week of March, for almost 300 years, the folks of the district met to trade and to celebrate. People from Gudbrandsdal, Oslo, Trøndelag, and Sweden also regularly came to Grundsetmart'n. The Grundset market was finally abandoned in 1901, when pressures of the railroad and other markets made it superfluous.

The railway connecting Oslo and Trondheim passed through Elverum in 1877.

World War II

Elverum municipality served as a temporary capital of Norway during the World War II German invasion. On 9 April 1940 Norwegian troops prevented German parachute troops from capturing Norway's King Haakon, Crown Prince, and Parliament while the Parliament was meeting to issue the Elverum Authorization, authorizing the exiled government until the Parliament could again convene. On April 11, shortly after the government's refusal to submit to German terms, the center of Elverum was reduced to ashes.

Origin: en.wikipedia.org




Photos posted on the website in accordance with Article 7, paragraph 1 of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 9 September 1886, the term of protection which is fifty years after the author's death.

After this period photos it becomes public domain. The participants of the Berne Convention are 167 States.


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